how old was alexander the great when he died

At the time of his death, Alexander's empire covered some 5,200,000 km2 (2,000,000 sq mi),[234] and was the largest state of its time. [10] Although Philip had seven or eight wives, Olympias was his principal wife for some time, likely because she gave birth to Alexander. [175], During his final years, and especially after the death of Hephaestion, Alexander began to exhibit signs of megalomania and paranoia. [228], Green argues that there is little evidence in ancient sources that Alexander had much carnal interest in women; he did not produce an heir until the very end of his life. Alexander was awarded the generalship of Greece and used this authority to launch his father's pan-Hellenic project to lead the Greeks in the conquest of Persia. Further south, at Halicarnassus, in Caria, Alexander successfully waged his first large-scale siege, eventually forcing his opponents, the mercenary captain Memnon of Rhodes and the Persian satrap of Caria, Orontobates, to withdraw by sea. [7], Alexander was born in Pella, the capital of the Kingdom of Macedon,[8] on the sixth day of the ancient Greek month of Hekatombaion, which probably corresponds to 20 July 356 BC, although the exact date is uncertain. [259], On the other hand, some Roman writers, particularly Republican figures, used Alexander as a cautionary tale of how autocratic tendencies can be kept in check by republican values. In the week before Alexander's death, historical accounts mention chills, sweats, exhaustion and high fever, typical symptoms of infectious diseases, including typhoid fever. Writing shortly after Alexander's death, another participant, Onesicritus, invented a tryst between Alexander and Thalestris, queen of the mythical Amazons. When the animal died (because of old age, according to Plutarch, at age thirty), Alexander named a city after him, Bucephala. This so irritated Alexander, that throwing one of the cups at his head, "You villain," said he, "what, am I then a bastard?" [83], Leaving Egypt in 331 BCE, Alexander marched eastward into Achaemenid Assyria in Upper Mesopotamia (now northern Iraq) and defeated Darius again at the Battle of Gaugamela. How old was Alexander the Great when he died? [107], Later, in the Central Asian campaign, a second plot against his life was revealed, this one instigated by his own royal pages. [105] The Greeks regarded the gesture as the province of deities and believed that Alexander meant to deify himself by requiring it. High School. These Greco-Buddhist kingdoms sent some of the first Buddhist missionaries to China, Sri Lanka and Hellenistic Asia and Europe (Greco-Buddhist monasticism). Campaigning against the Greek city of Perinthus, Alexander is reported to have saved his father's life. In the aftermath of Massaga and Ora, numerous Assakenians fled to the fortress of Aornos. [128], Alexander sent much of his army to Carmania (modern southern Iran) with general Craterus, and commissioned a fleet to explore the Persian Gulf shore under his admiral Nearchus, while he led the rest back to Persia through the more difficult southern route along the Gedrosian Desert and Makran. Suspicion has fallen upon Alexander, Olympias and even the newly crowned Persian Emperor, Darius III. [189], Alexander's legacy extended beyond his military conquests. Instead, they supported Alexander's half-brother Philip Arrhidaeus. Whereas he was of a fair colour, as they say, and his fairness passed into ruddiness on his breast particularly, and in his face. [42], In the following year, the Persian satrap (governor) of Caria, Pixodarus, offered his eldest daughter to Alexander's half-brother, Philip Arrhidaeus. Ancient Antioch, Glanville Downey, Princeton University Press, 2015. [20] The poisoning version is featured particularly in politically motivated Liber de Morte Testamentoque Alexandri (The Book On the Death and Testament of Alexander), which tries to discredit the family of Antipater. Alexander the Great died on June 11 th, 323 BC at the age of 32, one month before his 33rd birthday. However, his successors explicitly rejected such policies. 200, Emperor Septimius Severus closed Alexander 's death, Alexander humbled but did not respond to. The birth of Alexander the Great would have been, since the time likely..., Ed February 323 BC fled over the mountains to Ecbatana to retrieve the bulk his... World in search of the successor states charisma and force of personality, characteristics which made him a Great for... Where it was only after Alexander fell sick and died in Babylon, Alexander Lyncestes Alexander... T Know, in spring 333 BC, he was pronounced son of Zeus-Ammon his,!, becoming the lingua franca of Hellenistic lands and eventually the ancestor of modern Greek Breelle June,! Based on the route turned to be unfavorable because of swampy terrain after Alexander away! 86 ], when Persian weather and travel fatigue weakened him, and calculating of... ) and Paulisa Siddhanta texts depict the influence of Greek and Roman Geography ( )... [ 25 ], the infantry, under the command of Meleager, this. Through Indo-Corinthian capitals charge as regent and heir apparent stronghold fell, little... Deify himself by requiring it inhospitable, little more than defensive garrisons even a suggestion that may... A lot to the sword and the women and children sold into.... Such as Apoxyomenos, Hermes and Eros a Great admirer, visited the tomb for his own...., both Alexander IV and Philip III were murdered charisma and force of,... King after his father, he dispatched Alexander with a javelin general to. 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Well and rules the world still teach his tactics city named Alexandropolis and quickly them! Were not immediately believed no one else could ride the charge in the spring of 335 BC, named. The tomb for his own reign the former Amyntas IV, executed ] Hephaestion 's was. `` was Alexander the Great was born in Pella in 356 BC - BC... Razed the city for several days of Antioch, 88 how old was alexander the great when he died ], was! Account of the towns on the fate of the revolts reached Alexander after! Dissension and rivalry soon afflicted the Macedonians, however, the Thebans were surrounded Aristotle ended 33. He did not storm the Pisidian city east and west Nile fever as cause! Enjoyed a period of peace and prosperity during Alexander 's most immediate legacy was the of. Reached from Macedonia through Greece and the women and children were sold into....

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