The species Pelargonium zonale is a member of the Ciconium section. Global register of Introduced and Invasive species (GRIIS), USFS Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER), Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year. The species is listed in the Global Compendium of Weeds as “garden thug, naturalised, weed” (Randall, 2012), is known to escape from cultivation (Liogier and Martorell, 2000), and some of its hybrids are known to be weedy or invasive, but it does not appear to be a Pelargonium species with high risk of introduction based on current evidence. P. zonale usually does best in full sun and is sensitive to shade, but cultivar hybrids of P. zonale may tolerate some shade (PFAF, 2014; Royal Horticultural Society, 2014). The distinctly irregular flowers are borne in a typically umbel-like inflorescence (Walt, 1977; Miller, 1996; SANBI, 2014). see more; Family Geraniaceae . Randall RP, 2012. Catalog of plants cultivated in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Trinidad, from 1865-1870., Trinidad: Chronicle Printing Office. A Global Compendium of Weeds. Свернуть. Watch Queue Queue. In the 16th century, Pelargonium seeds were transported from Africa to Leiden in the Netherlands, where the plant was grown in the botanical garden there. Ivy, or hanging, geraniums (P. peltatum) are grown as basket plants indoors and out; they are also used as ground covers in warm areas. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/publications/guidelines/alert/p-alchemilloides.html, DAISIE, 2014. Botany of Porto Rico and Virgin Islands. , Pelargonium zonale is an upright or scrambling shrub, normally growing to about 1 m (3 ft) in height. Pelargoniums, commonly known as geraniums, are a large group of mostly evergreen and tender perennials used as bedding or houseplants. http://www.hear.org/books/apineh1992/, USDA-ARS, 2014. Cultivars have also been developed from P. zonale which are likewise widespread in cultivation. Pelargonium amoenum hort. FloraBase - the Western Australian Flora. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Members of the Pelargonium genus can disperse their small seeds by wind, water, and soil. TO S C A N A ® Zonale. Cape Town, South Africa: Purnell, 50 pp. Erect, softly woody shrub or subshrub. Pelargonium zonale, known as wildemalva in Afrikaans, is a species of Pelargonium native to southern Africa in the western regions of the Cape Provinces, in the geranium family. Britton NL, 1924. Pelargonium zonale. However, many Pelargonium hybrids have resulted from breeding programmes involving P. zonale, and some of these are now known to be weedy or invasive. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. In its native South Africa, P. zonale is common in coastal areas, and grows naturally in valleys and ravines, on forest margins, cliffsides and rocky outcrops with scrub vegetation (Walt, 1977; SANBI, 2014). Index to Plant Chromosome Numbers (IPCN), Tropicos website. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. World Economic Plants: A Standard Reference. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/index.html, IPCN Chromosome Reports, 2014. https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?PID=338, SANBI, 2014. Online Database. New York, USA: NL Britton & CF Millspaugh. 1192 pp. Batsford Ltd, 175 pp. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Additionally, the leaves of this species are edible and can be eaten as a vegetable (PFAF, 2014). Wallingford, UK: CABI, DAISIE, 2014. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Both genera belong to the family Geraniaceae. http://plants.usda.gov/, Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014. This video is unavailable. MacFadyen J, 1837. It is in leaf all year, in flower in August. San Juan, Puerto Rico: La Editorial, University of Puerto Rico, 382 pp. P. zonale is widely distributed in its native South Africa, and is reported to be cultivated as an ornamental in various parts of the world including Bolivia, Colombia, Myanmar, various parts of Europe, parts of the West Indies, and the United States (Wiersema and Leon, 1999; Kress et al., 2003; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Bolivia Checklist, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; Flora of Pakistan, 2014; ITIS, 2014; SANBI, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014). Dixon K, 2011. Pelargonium zonale. It has not yet demonstrated lasting negative environmental impacts to non-native ecosystems, but considering the severe invasiveness of other genus members, monitoring may be necessary in the future. Further, many cultivars and varieties exist, many with similar variety names to other species. The attachment on the seeds of P. capitatum, for example, reportedly will essentially drill and secure the seed into soil if twisted by the wind or affected by movement of animals, and this species is considered one of the most widespread and naturally invasive of coastal weeds in the Perth region of Australia (Dixon, 2011; Western Australian Herbarium, 2014). If EC in the substrate is above 2,0 - use clear water or fertilize with EC < 1,0 until the EC in the substrate is at desired level. 2015. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. by Dixon, K.]. http://www.pfaf.org. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. http://tropicos.org/Project/IPCN, ITIS, 2014. The species was reportedly being cultivated in Trinidad in 1870 (Prestoe, 1870), and both Britton’s 1918 flora of Bermuda (1918) and Britton and Wilson’s flora of Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands (1923-1926) reported that many hybrids of P. zonale were common cultivated garden plants in these places. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD)., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Pelargonium zonale - Пеларгония зональная Brocade. There has been much confusion in the literature surrounding the genera of Pelargonium and Geranium. It is in leaf all year, in flower from May to July. A favorite of Queen Victoria, Pelargonium 'Appleblossom Rosebud' (Zonal Geranium) is a bushy, evergreen, tender perennial with striking rounded clusters, densely packed with fully double rose-shaped flowers of white tipped with rose-pink. 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